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Presets

The presets

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Starting from v28.0.0, ts-jest will gradually opt in adoption of esbuild/swc more to improve the performance. To make the transition smoothly, we introduce legacy presets as a fallback when the new codes don't work yet.

ts-jest comes with several presets, covering most of the project's base configuration:

Preset nameDescription
ts-jest/presets/default
or ts-jest
TypeScript files (.ts, .tsx) will be transformed by ts-jest to CommonJS syntax, leaving JavaScript files (.js, jsx) as-is.
ts-jest/presets/default-legacy
or ts-jest/legacy (LEGACY)
TypeScript files (.ts, .tsx) will be transformed by ts-jest to CommonJS syntax, leaving JavaScript files (.js, jsx) as-is.
ts-jest/presets/default-esm
TypeScript files (.ts, .tsx) will be transformed by ts-jest to ESM syntax, leaving JavaScript files (.js, jsx) as-is.
ts-jest/presets/default-esm-legacy
(LEGACY)
TypeScript files (.ts, .tsx) will be transformed by ts-jest to ESM syntax, leaving JavaScript files (.js, jsx) as-is.
ts-jest/presets/js-with-tsTypeScript and JavaScript files (.ts, .tsx, .js, .jsx) will be transformed by ts-jest to CommonJS syntax.
You'll need to set allowJs to true in your tsconfig.json file.
ts-jest/presets/js-with-ts-legacy (LEGACY)TypeScript and JavaScript files (.ts, .tsx, .js, .jsx) will be transformed by ts-jest to CommonJS syntax.
You'll need to set allowJs to true in your tsconfig.json file.
ts-jest/presets/js-with-ts-esmTypeScript and JavaScript files (.ts, .tsx, .js, .jsx, .mjs) will be transformed by ts-jest to ESM syntax.
You'll need to set allowJs to true in your tsconfig.json file.
ts-jest/presets/js-with-ts-esm-legacy (LEGACY)TypeScript and JavaScript files (.ts, .tsx, .js, .jsx, .mjs) will be transformed by ts-jest to ESM syntax.
You'll need to set allowJs to true in your tsconfig.json file.
ts-jest/presets/js-with-babelTypeScript files (.ts, .tsx) will be transformed by ts-jest to CommonJS syntax, and JavaScript files (.js, jsx) will be transformed by babel-jest.
ts-jest/presets/js-with-babel-legacy (LEGACY)TypeScript files (.ts, .tsx) will be transformed by ts-jest to CommonJS syntax, and JavaScript files (.js, jsx) will be transformed by babel-jest.
ts-jest/presets/js-with-babel-esmTypeScript files (.ts, .tsx) will be transformed by ts-jest to ESM syntax, and JavaScript files (.js, jsx, .mjs) will be transformed by babel-jest.
ts-jest/presets/js-with-babel-esm-legacy (LEGACY)TypeScript files (.ts, .tsx) will be transformed by ts-jest to ESM syntax, and JavaScript files (.js, jsx, .mjs) will be transformed by babel-jest.

Basic usage

In most cases, simply setting the preset key to the desired preset name in your Jest config should be enough to start using TypeScript with Jest (assuming you added ts-jest to your devDependencies of course):

// jest.config.js
module.exports = {
// [...]
// Replace `ts-jest` with the preset you want to use
// from the above list
preset: 'ts-jest',
}
// OR package.json
{
// [...]
"jest": {
// Replace `ts-jest` with the preset you want to use
// from the above list
"preset": "ts-jest"
}
}

Note: presets use testMatch, like Jest does in its defaults. If you want to use testRegex instead in your configuration, you MUST set testMatch to null or Jest will bail.

Advanced

Any preset can also be used with other options. If you're already using another preset, you might want only some specific settings from the chosen ts-jest preset. In this case you'll need to use the JavaScript version of Jest config (comment/uncomment according to your use case):

// jest.config.js
const { defaults: tsjPreset } = require('ts-jest/presets')
// const { defaultsESM: tsjPreset } = require('ts-jest/presets')
// const { jsWithTs: tsjPreset } = require('ts-jest/presets')
// const { jsWithTsESM: tsjPreset } = require('ts-jest/presets')
// const { jsWithBabel: tsjPreset } = require('ts-jest/presets')
// const { jsWithBabelESM: tsjPreset } = require('ts-jest/presets')

module.exports = {
// [...]
transform: {
...tsjPreset.transform,
// [...]
},
}

Or through TypeScript (if ts-node is installed):

// jest.config.ts
import type { InitialOptionsTsJest } from 'ts-jest'
import { defaults as tsjPreset } from 'ts-jest/presets'
// import { defaultsESM as tsjPreset } from 'ts-jest/presets'
// import { jsWithTs as tsjPreset } from 'ts-jest/presets'
// import { jsWithTsESM as tsjPreset } from 'ts-jest/presets'
// import { jsWithBabel as tsjPreset } from 'ts-jest/presets'
// import { jsWithBabelESM as tsjPreset } from 'ts-jest/presets'

const config: InitialOptionsTsJest = {
// [...]
transform: {
...tsjPreset.transform,
// [...]
},
}

export default config